9. The Granicus River

Crossing Asia Minor with Alexander

‘Alexander was not far from the Granicus when riders came at speed from the forward posts to report that the Persians were ranged ready for battle on the far bank of the Granicus. Alexander then began to form his entire army for battle.’
(Arrian I.13.2)

Text used: Arrian ‘Alexander the Great‘ OUP 2013 (translated by Martin Hammond)

The Granicus River today

Credit Where It’s Due
Granicus River: Livius

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8. Priapus

Crossing Asia Minor with Alexander

‘Along the route of his march, the city of Priapus was surrendered to him by its inhabitants…’
(Arrian I.12.7)

Text used: Arrian ‘Alexander the Great‘ OUP 2013 (translated by Martin Hammond)

Priapus

Credit Where It’s Due
Priapus: Theoi

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7. Hermotus via Colonae

Crossing Asia Minor with Alexander

‘… he came to Hermotus, passing the city of Colonae on the way.’
(Arrian I.12.6)

Text used: Arrian ‘Alexander the Great‘ OUP 2013 (translated by Martin Hammond)

Statue of Nike because I couldn’t find a map showing the location of Hermotus!

Credit Where It’s Due
Nike: Pinterest

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6. Lampsacus and the Prosactius river

Crossing Asia Minor with Alexander

‘… the day after that he passed by Lampsacus and camped by the river Lampsacus, which flows from the Mount Ida range…’
(Arrian I.12.6)

Text used: Arrian ‘Alexander the Great‘ OUP 2013 (translated by Martin Hammond)

Map of Asia Minor showing the location of Lampsacus

Credit Where It’s Due
Map: Encyclopaedia of the Ancient World

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5. Percote

Crossing Asia Minor with Alexander

‘… the next day he reached Percote…’
(Arrian I.12.6)

Text used: Arrian ‘Alexander the Great‘ OUP 2013 (translated by Martin Hammond)

Light armed soldiers in Alexander’s army (Agrianians)

Credit Where It’s Due
Light Armed Soldiers: Realm of History

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4. Arisbe

Crossing Asia Minor with Alexander

‘From Troy Alexander came to Arisbe, where his entire force had encamped after crossing the Hellespont.’
(Arrian I.12.6)

Text used: Arrian ‘Alexander the Great‘ OUP 2013 translated by Martin Hammond

Alexander marched from Troy – Abydos – Arisbe. Parmenion crossed the Hellespont from Sestos – Abydos

Credit Where It’s Due
Map of eastern Asia Minor: Pinterest

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3. Troy

Crossing Asia Minor with Alexander

‘[Alexander] then went up to Troy, sacrificed to the Trojan Athena, and dedicated his full set of armour in her temple, taking in its place some of the consecrated arms still preserved there from the Trojan War… the prevailing account also has him sacrificing to Priam at the altar of Zeus of the Forecourt, to avert Priam’s anger at the race of Neoptolemus, of which he himself was a descendent.’
(Arrian I.11.7-8)

Arrian also records that according to ‘some historians’, Alexander paid his respects to Achilles at the latter’s tomb while Hephaestion did the same at Patroclus’. 

Arrian notes that Alexander did not have a Homer to record all of his achievements and that this is why he is writing his history. Do you think it does Alexander justice?

Text used: Arrian ‘Alexander the Great‘ OUP 2013 translated by Martin Hammond

Alexander pays homage to Achilles

Credit Where It’s Due
Alexander at the statue of Achilles: Wikimedia Commons

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2. The Archaean Harbour and Abydos

Crossing Asia Minor with Alexander

  • Alexander: Elaeus to ‘the Achaean Harbour’
  • Parmenion: Sestos to Abydos

‘Parmenion was charged with ferrying across the cavalry and most of the infantry… they made the crossing in a hundred and sixty triremes and a good number of freighters… [Alexander] took the helm of his flagship… and… at the mid-point of the Hellespont strait he sacrificed a bull to Poseidon and the Nereids and poured a drink offering into the sea from a golden bowl. They also say that he was the first to disembark on the continent of Asia, and did so in full armour.’
(Arrian I.11.6)

When Arrian says that Alexander sacrificed in the middle of the Hellespont I presume he means that Alexander stopped halfway across the channel between Elaeus and Troas rather than sailed halfway back to Macedon and Greece.

Text used: Arrian ‘Alexander the Great‘ OUP 2013 translated by Martin Hammond

Alexander sent Parmenion from Sestos to Abydos

Credit Where It’s Due
Antique Print of Abydos: Amazon

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1. Elaeus

Crossing Asia Minor with Alexander

  • Elaeus

‘Coming then to Elaeus he sacrificed to Protesilaus at his tomb, as Protesilaus was thought to have been the first to set foot on Asia of the Greeks who went with Agamemnon on the expedition to Troy. The intention of this sacrifice was that his own landing in Asia should meet with better fortune than that of Protesilaus.’
(Arrian I.11.5)

Text used: Arrian ‘Alexander the Great‘ OUP 2013 (translated by Martin Hammond)

Alexander marched from Pella, the capital of Macedon, to Elaeus

Credit Where It’s Due
Map of the Thracian Chersonese: Wikipedia

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Crossing Asia Minor with Alexander

From the middle of February to the middle of March this year, I ran a short series of posts on my Alexander Facebook page titled Crossing Asia Minor with Alexander. They featured a quotation based on each place that Alexander visited in Asia Minor and one or more images.

Today, I leave the U.K. to begin a month long pilgrimage from Saint Jean Pied de Port to Santiago de Compostela. To keep the blog active while I am away (which may be up to five weeks), I thought I would repeat the Asia Minor posts here.

If you are interested in a place-by-place series of posts, I have also written a series of posts that cover Alexander in India. The first one appears on the Facebook page today. I will repeat them on this blog this summer.

If you are interested in my pilgrimage to Santiago, I will be doing my best to update my Instagram page Sehnsucht and Wine, and my blog of the same name, which you can find here.

Alexander in Asia Minor

  1. Elaeus
  2. Alexander: Elaeus to ‘the Achaean Harbour’
    Parmenion: Sestos to Abydos
  3. Troy
  4. Arisbe
  5. Percote
  6. Lampsacus & the Prosactius river
  7. Hermotus via Colonae
  8. Priapus
  9. The Granicus River
  10. Dascylium (Parmenion)
    Sardis (Alexander)
  11. Ephesus
  12. Miletus
  13. Mycale (Philotas)
    Miletus-Halicarnassus (Alexander)
  14. Halicarnassus – Myndus
  15. Sardis (Parmenion)
    Phaselis (Alexander)
  16. Perge
  17. Side
  18. Syllium
  19. Aspendus
  20. Sagalassus
  21. Calaenae
  22. Gordium
  23. The Cilician Gates
  24. The Cydnus River – Tarsus
  25. Anchialus
  26. Soli
  27. Magarsus
  28. Mallus
  29. The Assyrian Gates
  30. Myriandrus
  31. The Syrian Gates
  32. The Battle of Issus
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